The most loaded and devastating epithet that can be hurled at a francophone, Federalist, Quebec politician. Literally, it means “sold” or “sell-out”. But its true meaning is more akin to “traitor to one’s race” or, in an African American analogy, “Uncle Tom.”

During unity crises in Quebec, Separatists have deployed the expression against francophone federalists, notable Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chretien. The former’s half-Scottish heritage made him suspect in the eyes of Separatists, while the latter’s self-avowed “pea-souper” shtick enraged their sense of dignity.

Liberal Leader Stéphane Dion, who took much abuse in his defence of Canada, was viciously attacked as a vendu.

Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

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